Automotive industry has undergone an electric revolution over the past years. Although electric motors have been known since the dawn of its history, only solutions introduced after 2000 have influenced the current state of the automotive industry and the rapid popularization of electric drives.
Along with a significant drop in battery prices (by approx. 80% in the years 2011-2016) and technology development, the electric engine has settled in for good in our cars – increasingly replacing internal combustion drive units.
Below we present the characteristics of currently used solutions. It is worth noting that users of cars offered today belonging to as many as 5 out of 9 categories, according to which they have been classified in the table below, enjoy the opportunity to drive only on electricity, and at the same time can use the charging stations offered by us. We invite you to familiarize with the offer of Indigo Tech.
|Drives using internal combustion engines (ICE)
||Regular internal combustion engine
||The electrical system (battery, alternator) is used only to start the combustion engine, lighting, sound system, etc.
||Combustion engine with microhybrid
||Application of the start / stop system.
||Soft hybrid of an internal combustion engine
||The starter and alternator are connected in one electric motor, operating in parallel with the internal combustion engine.
Thanks to the electric motor, the combustion engine receives additional support. Some car models are additionally equipped with a recuperation system – energy recovery during braking.
A soft hybrid does not have the option of driving only on an electric motor.
||Full hybrid of the internal combustion engine
||The extension of a soft hybrid with a larger battery, a more advanced recuperation system and the possibility of temporary driving only on an electric motor.
||ICE hybrid with charging function (pseudo-PHEV)
||The extension of the full hybrid of the internal combustion engine with the possibility of charging and the use of only the electric motor for short-distance driving, however, the internal combustion engine is the main driver of the car.
Car examples: most models of BMW, Mercedes and Volvo – get to know the offer of Indigo Tech charging stations
Drives using electric engines (PHEV i BEV)
||Electric hybrid (PHEV)
||The electric motor is the basic engine of the car, while an internal combustion engine is used when the battery is discharged or during a heavy load (eg towing).
A typical representative of this solution is Chevrolet Volt / Opel Ampera, Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, and such cars offered in USA as Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid or Polestar 1 – get to know the offer of Indigo Tech charging stations
||Serial electric hybrid (PHEV)
||The only engine that drives the car is the electric motor. In addition, the mounted combustion engine is used to recharge the battery while driving. It is possible to distinguish a hybrid with a plug (then the internal combustion engine increases the range of the electric motor) and a hybrid without a plug (with very small batteries, less than 2 kWh, where the internal combustion engine recharges the battery).
A typical representative of this solution is the BMW i3 in the REx version – get to know the offer of Indigo Tech charging stations
||First generation of electric cars (BEV)
||Fully electric cars in which a compromise based on balancing between (relatively high) price of batteries and their (small) capacity was used. Cars included in this category perform very well in everyday urban driving, also on the motorway, however, they have small ranges (less than 300 km) and not all are equipped with sockets for charging with direct current (DC).
Typical representatives of this category are: Nissan Leaf I generation, Renault ZOE or BMW i3 – get to know the offer of Indigo Tech charging stations
||Second generation of electric cars (BEV)
||Fully electric equivalents of cars equipped with internal combustion engines that can easily cover distances over 300 km and can be charged using fast direct current (DC) charging stations.
Typical representatives of this category are all Tesla models, Nissan Leaf II generation (with 60 kWh battery), Mercedes EQ, Jaguar I-PACE and Hyundai Kona EV – get to know the offer of Indigo Tech charging stations
We invite you to familiarize yourself with the glossary of terms used in electromobility.
The material was based on an article by Maarten Vinkhuyzen, published on CleanTechnica website March 18, 2018, The Damage Fake Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Do