Below we present a glossary of the most commonly used terms that apply to both electric cars and charging infrastructure – including stations that are offered by Indigo Tech.
Charging station– a power device equipped with a connector or a socket, intended for charging batteries of electric vehicles with alternating current (AC) or direct current (DC), mounted on a wall or as a free-standing device, optionally equipped with software enabling settlement of payments for charging
Electric current– orderly movement of electric charges, a phenomenon widely used in electronics and electrotechnics. Occurs, among others, as alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC).
AC– Alternating current used, among others, for transmission in power grids
DC– Direct current, used, among others, for storing energy in the batteries of electric cars and for driving their electric motors
Connector – an integral part of the charging station, consisting of an electric wire ended with a suitable plug, enabling the charging of an electric vehicle
Socket– an integral part of the charging station, consisting of a plug placed in a casing, enabling the charging of an electric vehicle
Slow Charging– Alternating current charging by Type 2 or Type 1 standard used in Europe. Alternating current charging means that the AC power that is in the power grid is converted to direct current in the batteries by means of converters installed in the car (depending on the model, enabling the current to be processed from approx. 3 kW to 22 kW) – take a look at our offer of AC stations
Type 2 (“Mennekes”)– type of charging station connector or socket, intended for charging batteries of electric vehicles with alternating current (AC), usually with power from 3 to 22 kW, through a single or three-phase network. The standard is used by most electric car manufacturers (vehicles that use the older solution, the so-called Type 1 – single-phase, can be charged from the Mennekes connector by a special adapter)
Fast charging– charging of electric vehicle batteries with a direct current (DC) of up to 150 kW (ultimately 350 kW) by the CHAdeMO or CCS standard used in Europe. Stations that enable DC charging convert AC into direct current, which allows it to be quickly delivered to the battery of an electric car – take a look at our offer of DC stations
CHAdeMO– type of charging station connector, designed for charging batteries used to power electric vehicles with direct current (DC), with power up to 62.5 kW (ultimately 350 kW). The standard used by car manufacturers from Asia (Honda, Kia, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Subaru, Toyota) and France (Citroen, Peugeot, Renault), it is also possible to use it with American Tesla through a special adapter
CCS (Combined Charging System), Combo2– charging station connector type designed for charging batteries of DC electric vehicles, up to 150 kW (350 kW). The standard is mainly used by American and European car manufacturers, including BMW, Daimler (Mercedes), Fiat-Chrysler, Ford, General Motors, Hyundai, Jaguar, Volkswagen Group (Audi, Porsche, Volkswagen)
ICE – Internal Combustion Engine – more in the article ICE vs. PHEV vs. BEV
Electric vehicle– BEV or PHEV
BEV (Battery Electric Vehicle)– an electric vehicle equipped with a drive powered exclusively by electricity, coming from on-board batteries with the ability of connecting to charging stations – more in the article ICE vs. PHEV vs. BEV
PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle)– an electric vehicle equipped with an electric-combustion drive, with a built-in battery to power the vehicle and the ability to connect to the charging station – more in the article ICE vs. PHEV vs. BEV